In June 2019, the Norfolk City Council adopted a policy authorizing the creation of Special Service Districts (SSD) to support implementation of local flood risk reduction and water quality improvement projects in the City of Norfolk, Virginia. SSDs enable a group of residents to agree to pay a tax to finance additional services in a particular neighborhood. The Norfolk policy allows SSD funding to be used to pay for flood mitigation, dredging, water quality improvements, and coastal protection projects.
Mexico Beach is on the Gulf of Mexico in Bay County, Florida and faces climate enhanced hurricanes, coastal storm surge, sea level rise and flooding impacts. In October 2018, Hurricane Michael, a Category 4 storm, made landfall in Mexico Beach demolishing 70% of the town’s homes. The coastal community has amended the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood zones maps to reflect storm surge flood levels and high risk floodplain areas as implicated by Hurricane Michael flooding. An ordinance has been adopted in which new construction in Mexico Beach must be elevated at least a foot and a half higher than FEMA’s base-level flood predictions in both the region’s 100-year and 500-year floodplains.
The plan to develop a climate resilient Boston Harbor in the City of Boston, Massachusetts offers strategies for Boston’s 47-mile shoreline that will increase access and open space along the waterfront while better protecting the city during a major flooding event. The plan focuses on green infrastructure and natural solutions to lowering the severity of sea level rise and flooding from climate change. “Resilient Boston Harbor” invests in Boston’s waterfront with a proposed restructuring of Fort Point Channel, and development of coastal protection from East Boston to the Dorchester shoreline.
This Public Policy Institute of California report examines climate change impacts on water resources in California, and the state’s capacity for adaptation to water scarcity and drought. California’s 2012–2016 drought – which was the hottest in the state’s recorded history and one of the driest – is used to assess water management and responses from that time in four sectors: cities and suburbs, irrigated agriculture, rural communities, and freshwater ecosystems. Policy and management reforms are recommended for drought planning, water infrastructure and operations, water rights administration, and funding.
From The Kresge Foundation and American Rivers, this report presents the findings of an assessment conducted by the Meridian Institute on Kresge’s Climate Resilient and Equitable Water Systems (CREWS) initiative. This report describes the challenges and opportunities for practitioners working at the intersection of water systems, climate resilience and social equity.
The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) researched the impact of sea level rise tidal flooding on coastal real estate, for the entire coastline of the lower 48 states. The study identified the number of residential and commercial properties at risk of chronic inundation, including the total current property value, estimated population, and property tax base affected. UCS determines that some coastal real estate markets will not likely recover under high future GHG emissions scenarios in which sea levels rise greatly; and the number of properties facing chronic inundation is much reduced under low emissions scenarios.
On June 22, 2018, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam signed Senate Bill 265 creating a new cabinet-level position to address coastal adaptation and protection in Virginia. The bill states that the Special Assistant to the governor will be responsible for leading statewide efforts in response to coastal flooding; working to initiate economic development opportunities associated with adaptation; and fostering coordination throughout the Commonwealth, especially in Hampton Roads, a coastal region of the state that is most vulnerable to sea level rise and land subsidence.
Zurich Insurance Company used its Post-Event Review Capability (PERC) methodology to analyze major flood events in terms of disaster risk management. PERC studies were conducted on 12 flooding disasters worldwide between 2013 and 2018 including floods in Boulder, CO in 2013; Columbia and Charleston, South Carolina, 2015; and Houston in 2017. The report describes the various steps of the disaster risk management cycle, as well as the challenges and focal strategies for risk managers in preparing for and responding to disasters.
NOAA has produced this annual update of the state of coastal high tide flooding every year since 2014. This type of flooding occurs when water levels measured at NOAA tide gauges exceed heights based on the national flooding thresholds that are released in February by NOAA’s Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services. This report updates high tide flood frequencies during 2017 (based on the meteorological year: May 2017-April 2018) at 98 NOAA tide gauges, and provides a statistical outlook for 2018 (May 2018 – April 2019).
The Southeast Sustainability Directors Network funded a project in the small town of Duck Hill, Mississippi, (population of approx. 1,300) to implement green infrastructure for repetitive flooding issues in the community. The Southeast Sustainable Communities Fund provided $300,000 to support flood water mitigation and creek restoration, community engagement and empowerment, youth conservationist training, and “creative place making. ” The Fund supports local communities in the southeastern U.