This Public Policy Institute of California report examines climate change impacts on water resources in California, and the state’s capacity for adaptation to water scarcity and drought. California’s 2012–2016 drought – which was the hottest in the state’s recorded history and one of the driest – is used to assess water management and responses from that time in four sectors: cities and suburbs, irrigated agriculture, rural communities, and freshwater ecosystems. Policy and management reforms are recommended for drought planning, water infrastructure and operations, water rights administration, and funding.
California Assembly Bill 1668 was enacted with contingency on the passage of SB 606 – both addressing water conservation and drought resilience across the state. Both were adopted in response to Governor Brown’s Executive Order B-37-16 – “Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life” which directs permanent changes to use water more wisely, eliminate water waste, strengthen local drought resistance, and improve agricultural water use efficiency and drought planning.
California Senate Bill 606 – Water Management planning was enacted with contingency on the passage of Assembly Bill 1668, both addressing water conservation and drought resilience across the state. Both respond to Governor Brown’s 2016 Executive Order B-37-16 – “Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life” which directs permanent changes to use water more wisely, eliminate water waste, strengthen local drought resistance, and improve agricultural water use efficiency and drought planning.
Ripple Effects: Colorado’s Water Plan is a 2017 update on implementation of the plan that was published by the Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB) in 2015 – outlining two years of progress. Three main values are intended to guide the document: a productive economy, especially in the agricultural and tourism sectors; efficient water infrastructure; and a strong environment with healthy watersheds and wildlife. Many of the water plan’s objectives and strategies focused on climate change impacts to these focal sectors, and have been implemented according to this progress report.
Limited land and resource rights allocated to indigenous peoples in the United States create structural barriers that restrict many tribes’ ability to sustainably manage natural resources and adapt to climate change. This article reviews these barriers, and how land fragmentation and policies that hinder a tribe’s authority and control of natural resources restrict their capacity to manage climate change risks. After describing the history of political barriers for tribes, the report is primarily a case study of water rights and management at the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming.
Drought and Equity in California is the first statewide analysis of the impacts of the five-year and ongoing drought on California’s most vulnerable communities. Three major impacts of the drought are the focus of the report, including water supply shortages, drought charges and water affordability, and the drought impacts on salmon fisheries. The Pacific Institute finds that water shortages and price increases affected access to safe, affordable water for Californians, with the most severe impacts on several vulnerable populations.
U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell issued a Secretarial Order on January 4, 2017 directing the Department of the Interior and its bureaus to take action to address the effects of drought and climate change on California’s water supply and imperiled wildlife. The order supports the State’s goals of providing a more reliable water supply for California and to protect, restore, and enhance the environmental quality of the Bay-Delta.
From the North Central Climate Science Center, this report looks at the social-ecological vulnerabilities, risks, and response capacities of the Wind River Indian Reservation (WRIR) to drought. The Center’s Drought Risk and Adaptation in the Interior project relies on social-ecological systems frameworks to understand adaptation initiatives in the north central region of the U. S. This report discusses the results of drought risk interviews with resource managers at WRIR, in order to inform drought preparedness planning and climate change adaptation efforts.
The Report to the Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience is a progress report from the federal agencies of the National Drought Resilience Partnership (NDRP). The report highlights the Partnership’s accomplishments to date against the President’s Climate Action Plan, and provides an overview of some federal actions on drought response since 2009.
B-37-16 “Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life” is an executive order that builds on temporary statewide emergency water restrictions set forth by Governor Brown and the State Water Resources Control Board in 2015, to establish longer-term water conservation measures for California. In response to the extreme and persistent drought conditions along with warmer weather and reduced snowpack expected for the state, the 2016 executive order directs permanent changes to: use water more wisely, eliminate water waste, strengthen local drought resistance, and improve agricultural water use efficiency and drought planning.