EPA worked with the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG), the regional planning agency for the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, to develop Using Smart Growth Strategies to Create More Resilient Communities in the Washington, D.C., Region.
This guidebook, published in 2013, gives local governments policy options to consider when preparing for future climate risks while also meeting other environmental, economic, and social goals. The guidebook describes smart growth approaches that can help communities prepare for current and projected risks to the land use, transportation, water, and buildings sectors. While it was developed for communities in the DC region, the strategies are applicable to communities around the country facing similar climate change impacts.
The approaches are grouped under three main strategies:
- Discourage new development in particularly vulnerable areas.
- Protect people and assets in vulnerable areas.
- Encourage sustainable growth in appropriate, less-vulnerable areas.